Language in Cameroon


Cameroon Language

Cameroon Language Overview

Cameroon languages and tribal dialects are (from H to N):

Hausa

23,500 in Cameroon. Widespread.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Haoussa, Hawsa.

Hdi

25,000 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 29,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, Nigeria border northwest of Mokolo. 15 villages. Also in Nigeria.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Hedi, Hide, Turu-Hide, Xadi, Xedi.

Hijuk

400. Center Province, Mbam Division, Bokito Subdivision, southwest of Bokito. 1 village area.

Hya

940 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, Amsa. Also in Nigeria.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Ghye, Za.

Iceve-Maci

7,000 in Cameroon (1990). Population total all countries: 12,000. South West Province, Manyu Division, north and south of Akwaya. Also in Nigeria.


Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Bacheve, Bechere, Becheve, Icheve, Ocebe, Ochebe, Ocheve, Utse, Utser, Utseu.

Ipulo

2,500. South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision, southeast of Akwaya.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africalanguage in Cameroon, Africa names: Assumbo, Asumbo, Badzumbo.

Isu

10,400. North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Central Subdivision, widespread to Nigeria border.

Isu

800. South West Province, Fako Division, Tiko Subdivision, Bimbia estuary area east of Limbe and west of Douala.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names:Bimbia, Isubu, Isuwu, Su, Subu.

Iyive

1,000 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 2,000. South West Province, Manyu Division, northeast of Akwaya on Nigeria border, Yive village. Also in Nigeria.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Uive, Yiive.

Jimi

3,500. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, on Nigeria border, Bourrha area.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: ’Um Falin, Djimi, Jimjimen.

Jina

1,500. 1,500 all Jina (2004 H. Tourneux). Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, south Logone-Birni Subdivision, Zina area and east of Waza.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Zina.

Jukun Takum

2,440 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 2,451. North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Ntjieka, Furu-Turuwa, and Furu-Sambari villages. Also in Nigeria.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Diyu, Jukun, Njikum.

Kako

100,000 in Cameroon . Population total all countries: 119,460. East Province, Kadey Division, Batouri and Ndelele Subdivisions. Also in Central African Republic, Congo.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Dikaka, Kaka, Mkako, Nkoxo, Yaka.

Kamkam

Adamawa Province, Mayo-Banyo Division, Mambila Plateau.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Bungnu, Bungun, Bunu, Gbunhu, Kakaba, Mbongno.

Kanuri, Central

56,500 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, mainly north of Mora between Limani and Bounderi, and Kolofata Subdivision; Diamare Division, Maroua and Bogo Subdivisions; Kaele and Mayo-Danay divisions, as far as Mindif and Guirvidig.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: “Baribari” , “Beriberi” , Bornouan, Bornouans, Bornu, Kanouri, Kanoury, Kole, Kolere, Sirata, Yerwa Kanuri.

Karang

17,000 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 18,000. North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Madingring District [homeland], south border of Bouba Ndjida National Park, south from Madingring, southeast to Lawzigoy (toward Touboro). 25 villages. [displaced: Garoua, Ngong, Ngaoundéré, Touboro (and surrounding villages), Tcholliré]. Also in Chad.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Mbum, Mbum-East.

Kare

4,460 in Cameroon. Adamawa Province, Vina Division, Belel area; North Province, Mayo-Rey Division.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Kali, Kari, Karré. Dialects: Tale, Kari.

Kemezung

4,500. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Misaje Subdivision, northwest of Nkambe, Dumbu town, Kwei village.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Dumbo, Dzumbo, Kumaju.

Kendem

1,500. South West Province, Manyu Division, Tinto and Upper Bayang subdivisions, east of Mamfe: Kendem, Kekpoti, and Bokwa villages.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Bokwa-Kendem.

Kenswei Nsei

25,000. North West Province, Ngo Ketunjia Division, Ndop Subdivision, west of Ndop on Ndop Plain, Bamessing village area.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Bamessing, Befi, Calebasses, Kensense, Melamba, Mesing, Ndop-Bamessing, Nsei, Veteng, Vetweng.

Kenyang

65,000. South West Province, Manyu Division, Mamfe Central and Upper Banyang subdivisions, around and southwest of Mamfe; Kupe-Muanenguba Division, west corner of Nguti Subdivision.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names:Banjangi, Banyang, Banyangi, Bayangi, Manyang, Nyang.

Kera

6,000 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Mayo-Danay Division, Southeast of Doukoula.

Kol

12,000. 1,000 in Bikeng. East Province, Upper Nyong Division, Messamena area.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names: Bekol, Bikele-Bikay, Bikele-Bikeng.

Kolbila

2,500. North Province, Faro Division, Bantadje Canton, southeast of Poli, and east between Ngaoundere and Garoua.

Alternate language in Cameroon, Africa names:Kolbilari, Kolbili, Kolbilla, Kolena, Zoono.

Kom

233,000 , increasing. 30% monolingual. Ethnic population: 232,600. North West Province, south Boyo Division; 20,000 in major urban centers.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bamekon, Bikom, Kong, Nkom.

Koma

3,000 in Cameroon. North Province, Faro Division, northwest of Tchamba in Alantika Mountains along Nigeria border.

Alternate Cameroon Language names:Kuma.

Koonzime

30,000. East Province, Upper Nyong Division, Lomie area (north and northwest, south and southeast to Dja River).

Alternate Cameroon Language names:Djimu, Dzimou, Kooncimo, Koozhime, Koozime, Nzime, Zimu.

Korop

7,440 in Cameroon. South West Province, Ndian Division, along Nigeria border, northwest of Mundemba.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Durop, Dyurop, Erorup, Ododop.

Koshin

1,000. North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, Koshin village.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Kaw, Kosin, Kusheen Benubcouh.

Kuk

3,000. North-West Province, Menchum Division, Fungom Subdivision, Ring Road between Weh and Bafmeng. 6 villages.

Kung

1,750. North-West Province, Menchum Division, Fungom Subdivision. 1 village.

Kuo

2,980 in Cameroon. North Province, between Sorombeo and Chad border, and Garoua area.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Ko, Koh.

Kutep

1,400 in Cameroon. North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Baji and Lubu villages near Nigeria border.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Ati, “Jompre” , Kuteb, Kutev, Mbarike, Zumper.

Kwa’

1,000. Littoral Province, Nkam Division, east Nkondjok Subdivision; West Province, southwest corner of Nde Division.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bakoa, Bakwa, Bamileke-Kwa.

Kwaja

2,980. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Nkambe Subdivision.

Kwakum

10,000. East Province, Upper Nyong Division, Dimako and Doume subdivisions; Lom-and-Djerem Division, north of Bertoua; Belabo Subdivision.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Abakoum, Abakum, Akpwakum, Bakum, Kpakum, Pakum.

Kwanja

20,000. Adamawa Province, Mayo-Banyo Division, northeast Tikar Plain, south of Mayo-Darle between Banyo and Bankim.

Alternate Cameroon Language names:Kondja, Konja.

Kwasio

9,000 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 17,500. South Province, Ocean Division, Kribi and Lolodorf subdivisions, Kribi forests area; Kribi to Lolodorf. Also in Equatorial Guinea.

Alternate Cameroon Language names:Ngumba.

La’bi

4,400. North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Touboro Subdivision.

Lagwan

1,500 in Cameroon. 10,000 all Lagwan, 40,000 all Kotoko languages. Majority in Cameroon (2005 S. Allison). Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, north of Waza National Park in Logone-Birni Subdivision, Logone River bank across to Nigeria border. Also in Chad.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Kotoko-Logone, Lagouane, Lagwane, Logone.

Laimbue

5,000. North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Central Subdivision; Boyo Division, Fundong Subdivision.

Lamnso’

125,000 in Cameroon. North West Province, Bui Division, east Kumbo and Jakiri Subdivisions, northeast of Bamenda, Kumbo area. Also in Nigeria.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bansaw, Banso, Banso’, Lamnsok, Lamso, Nsaw, Nsho’, Nso, Nso’, Panso.

Lefa

10,000. Center Province, Mbam and Inoubou Division, Bafia Subdivision.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Balom, Fak, Lefa’.

Leti

Center Province, Lekie Division, north Sa’a Subdivision, Sanaga River bend.

Limbum

73,000 in Cameroon. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Nkambe Subdivision, Nkambe and Ndu area. Also in Nigeria.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bojiin, Limbom, Llimbumi, Ndzungle, Ndzungli, Njungene, Nsungali, Nsungli, Nsungni, Wimbum.

Longto

2,400. North Province, Faro Division, Poli Subdivision, southwest of Poli to Faro Reserve, Voko area.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Boko, Gobeyo, Longa, Longbo, Lonto, Voko, Woko.

Luo

1. A section of Atta.

Mada

17,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Tokombere Subdivision, Mada massif at edge of Mandara Mountains and neighboring plain.

Mafa

136,000 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 140,910. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, from Mokolo north. Also in Nigeria.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: “Matakam” , Mofa, Natakan.

Majera

500 in Cameroon. 500 all Majera. Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, extreme south Logone-Birni Subdivision, Majera area. Also in Chad.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mazera.

Makaa

80,000. East Province, north Upper Nyong Division, Messamena, Abong-Mbang, Doume, Nguelemendouka Subdivisions.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mekaa, South Makaa, South Mekaa.

Malgbe

6,000 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, Chari River area, Goulfey and Goulfey Subdivision, north of Kousseri. Also in Chad.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Goulfei, Gulfe, Gulfei, Malbe, Malgwe, Ngwalkwe, Sanbalbe.

Malimba

2,230. Littoral Province, Sanaga-Maritime Division, small pocket north of Edea, and Sanaga River mouth area.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Lemba, Limba, Mudima, Mulimba.

Mambai

8,000 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 10,000. North Province, Benoue Division, extreme north Bibemi Subdivision, along Mayo-Kebi River near Chad border. Also in Chad.

Alternate Cameroon Language names:Mambay, Mamgbay, Mamgbei, Manbai, Mangbai, Mangbei, Mongbay.

Mambila, Cameroon

30,000. Adamawa Province, on Nigeria border, northwest Mayo-Banyo Division, Banyo and Bankim Subdivisions.

Alternate Cameroon Language names:Bang, Bea, Ble, Juli, Lagubi, Mambere, Mambilla, Nor, Tagbo, Tongbo, Torbi.

Manta

5,300. South West Province, Manyu Division northeast of Mamfe, from Mom border, Akwaya Subdivision, to Manta, Mamfe Subdivision. About 20 villages.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Anta, Banta, Bantakpa, Kisam, Menta, Tinta.

Masana

103,000 in Cameroon. Far North Province, southeast Mayo-Danay Division, Yagoua area.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: “Banana” , Masa, Massa, Walia.

Maslam

250 in Cameroon. Nearly all are in Cameroon. Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, Makari Subdivision, northwest of Kousseri, Maltam and Saho. Also in Chad.

Matal

18,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Mora Subdivision, southwest of Mora, to the south, east edge of Mandara Mountains.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Balda, Mouktele, Muktele, Muktile.

Mazagway

17,000. North Province, Mayo-Louti Division, northwest of Guider, Mazagway: Guider, Baila, Boula Ibbi, Tam Djidde; Far North Province, southwest corner of Diamare Division, Ndoukoula District, Kpala: Dagaï; Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Department, Hina District, Zouvoul, Mayo-Ladde.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mazagway-Hidi.

Mbedam

6,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, Northeast of Hina.

Mbembe, Tigon

36,000 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 56,000. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Ako Subdivision, north of Nkambe. Also in Nigeria.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Akonto, Tigon, Tigong, Tigum, Tigun, Tikun.

Mbo

45,000. Mbo plain, Littoral Province, Moungo Division, Nkongsamba and Melong subdivisions; West Province, Menoua Division, Santchou Subdivision and Upper Nkam Division, Kekem Subdivision.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mboo, Sambo.

Mbo’

1,490. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Nwa Subdivision, Mbo canton.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mbaw, Mbe’, Mbo.

Mbonga

1,490. East Province, Lom-and-Djerem Division, near Betare-Oya.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mboa.

Mbu’

1,000. North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, northeast of Wum, Mbu’ village.

Mbuko

13,000. Far North Province, Diamare Division, Meri Subdivision east of Meri, Mbuko massif and neighboring Mayo-Raneo plain.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mbokou, Mboku, Mbuku.

Mbule

100, decreasing. No monolinguals. Center Province, Mbam Division, south Bokito Subdivision, Mbola village.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Dumbule, Mbola.

Mbum

38,600 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 51,260. West Mbum, isolated in Adamawa Province, Vina and Djerem divisions, south and southwest of Ngaoundere; North Province, Faro Division, Ngaoundere area to border of Faro Reserve; East Province, Lom-and-Djerem Division, Belabo Subdivision, Gbete. Also in Central African Republic, United States.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Buna, Mboum, Mboumtiba, Wuna.

Medumba

210,000. West Province, Nde Division, Tonga Bangangte subdivisions east of Bangangte.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bagangte, Bamileke-Medumba, Bangangte.

Mefele

11,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, south and east of Mokolo. 6 villages.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Boulahay, Bula, Bulahai.

Mendankwe-Nkwen

23,100. North West Province, Mezam Division, Bamenda Central Subdivision, north and east of Bamenda, either side of Ring Road, and mountainous circle of Menda Nkwe.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mandankwe, Mendankwe.

Mengaka

20,000. West Province, Bamboutos Division, South Galim Subdivision, Bagam, Galim, and Bamendjing.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bamileke-Mengaka, Benzing, Ghap, Megaka.

Mengisa

20,000. Center Province, Lekie Division, Sa’a Subdivision, Sanaga River bend area between the River and Sa’a.

Alternate Cameroon Language names:Mangisa, Mengisa-Njowe.

Menka

5,200. North West Province, Momo Division, Widikum-Menka Subdivision, west of Mbwengi, northwest of Batibo. 10 villages.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mamwoh, Wando Bando.

Merey

10,000. Far North Province, Diamare Division, Meri Massif, west of Meri.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Meri, Mere, Mofu de Méri.

Mesaka

14,000. South West Province, Manyu Division, on Nigeria border northeast of Akwaya, isolated.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Banagere, Iyon, Messaga, Messaga-Ekol, Messaka, Ugare.

Meta’

87,000. North West Province, Momo Division, east and southeast Mbengwi and east Batibo subdivisions; Bamenda Subdivision, Bafuchu and Nja village areas.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bameta, Batibo, Chubo, Menemo-Mogamo, Metta, Mitaa, Moghamo-Menemo, Muta, Widikum-Tadkon.

Mfumte

24,700. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Nwa Subdivision, Mfumte canton north of Nwa and east of Nkambe. 16 villages.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Nfumte.

Mina

11,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Hina Subdivision, south of Mokolo. 20 villages.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Besleri, Hina.

Mmaala

5,300 . Center Province, Mbam Division, Mmala canton, in and south of Bokito.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Benyi, Central Yambassa, Mmala.

Mmen

35,000. 1,000 Fungom . North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, along Fundong Road northwest of Fundong.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bafmen, Bafmeng, Bafoumeng, Bafumen, Mme.

Mofu, North

27,500. Far North Province, Diamare Division, massifs south of Meri.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Douvangar, Mofu-Douvangar, Mofu-Nord.

Mofu-Gudur

60,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division into Diamare Division, Mokolo Subdivision, massifs south of Tsanaga River to Mayo-Louti River.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mofou, Mofou de Goudour, Mofu South, Mofu-Sud.

Mokpwe

32,200. South West Province, Fako Division, Muyuka, Tiko, Buea, and Limbe subdivisions.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bakpwe, Bakwedi, Bakwele, Bakweri, Bekwiri, Kwedi, Kweli, Kwili, Kwiri, Mokpe, Ujuwa, Vakweli, Vambeng.

Moloko

8,500. Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Tokombere Subdivision, Makalingay Canton, Melokwo Mountain and plains around its base.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Melokwo, Mokyo, Molko, Molkoa, Molkwo, Molokwo.

Mom Jango

6,520 in Cameroon. North Province, Faro Division, Beka Subdivision, north of Tchamba on Nigeria border.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Kobo, Vere, Verre, Were.

Mono

300. North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, north of Rey-Bouba, Kongrong area along Mayo-Godi River.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mon-Non.

Mpade

16,000 in Cameroon. 16,000 all Mpade (Tourneux 2004). Large majority in Cameroon. Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, south of Lake Chad, Makari area. Also in Chad, Nigeria.

Alternate Cameroon Language names:Makari, Makary.

Mpiemo

5,000 in Cameroon. East Province, Boumba-and-Ngoko Division, Gari-Gombo Subdivision, along Gribi to Yokadouma road.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bimu, Mbimou, Mbimu, Mpo, Mpyemo.

Mpongmpong

45,000. East Province. Menzime and Bangantu are in Kadey Division, Mbang Subdivision, south of Batouri; others in Boumba-and-Ngoko Division, south and west of Yokadouma.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bombo, Mbombo, Mpompo, Mpopo, Pongpong.

Mser

500 in Cameroon. 500 all Mser (Tourneux 2004). Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, Kousseri Subdivision. Also in Chad.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Kotoko-Kuseri, Kouseri, Kousseri, Kuseri.

Mundabli

1,000. North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, northeast of Wum, Mundabli, Bu, and Mufu villages.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bu.

Mundang

44,700 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Kaele Division, Kaele Subdivision, near Chad border north and west of Kaele; North Province, Benoue Division, south of Mayo-Kebi near Chad border.

Alternate Cameroon Language names:Kaele, Marhay, Moundan, Moundang, Musemban, Nda.

Mundani

34,000. South West Province, Manyu Division, Mamfe and north Fontem subdivisions, south of Batibo.

Mungaka

50,100. North West Province, Mezam Division, Bali Subdivision; West Province, Bamboutos Division, southeast Galim Subdivision; Mifi Division, north Bafoussam Subdivision.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bali, Li, Munga’ka, Nga’ka, Ngaaka.

Musey

20,000 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Mayo-Danay Division, east of Guere on Chad border.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Bananna, Bananna Ho, Ho, Mosi, Moussei, Moussey, Musaya, Musei, Museyna, Musiina, Musoi, Mussoi, Mussoy.

Musgu

61,500 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 85,900. Far North Province, Mayo-Danay Division, Maga Subdivision. Also in Chad.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mousgou, Mousgoum, Mousgoun, Munjuk, Musgum, Musuk, Muzuk.

Muyang

30,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, northeast of Tokombere, Muyang, Mougouba, Gouadagouada, and Palbarar massifs.

Alternate Cameroon Language names: Mouyenge, Mouyengue, Muyenge, Myau, Myenge.

Acknowledgement and Credits to:


Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International.



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